Snake bites by the jararacucu (Bothrops jararacussu): Clinicopathological studies of 29 proven cases in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Article (PDF. Genus: Bothrops. Species: jararacussu. Common Names Jararacussu. Local Names Cabeca de Sapo, Jararacucu, Jararacucu Malha de Sapo, Jararacucu. COMUNICACIONES BREVES. Notes of cases of aggression and ophiophagy by Bothops jararacussu (Lacerda ) in captivity. Nota de casos de agresiĆ³n y.

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Bothrops jararacussu – Wikipedia

Furtado et al Ref: General Systemic Effects Variable non-specific effects which may include headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dizziness, collapse or convulsions. Habits Terrestrial and mainly a nocturnal snake. Best viewed in x resolution or higher. Check List 7 6: Two became shocked and four developed renal failure. It bthrops accounted for 0.

All cases with jararachssu systemic effects require IV antivenom, as will most cases with significant local effects. Severe signs of local and systemic envenoming, local necrosis, shock, spontaneous systemic bleeding, renal failure were seen only in patients bitten by snakes longer than 50 cm; bites by shorter specimens were more likely to cause incoagulable blood.

Bothrops jararacussu Atlantic Forest Jararacussu defensive behavior. WilliamsJeff Boundy Snakes of the World: If there is any impairment of vital functions, such as problems with respiration, airway, circulation, heart jjararacussu, these must be supported as a priority.

In particular, for bites causing flaccid paralysis, including hothrops paralysis, both airway and respiration may be impaired, requiring urgent and prolonged treatment, which may include the mouth to mask mouth to mouth technique of expired air transfer.


Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 3: Three patients, aged 3, 11 and 65 years, died Further, we cannot control how users will interpret the information provided on this site.

Dangerousness Severe envenoming possible, potentially lethal. Equally, we cannot list knowledge which is not yet reported or known. No attempt should be made to pursue the snake into the undergrowth as this will risk further bites. The principle aim of this site is to provide information useful to improving outcomes for humans suffering from envenoming or poisoning by animals, plants or jafaracussu.

Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. Venom Necrotoxins Present but not defined.

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Multiple doses may be required. Local Necrosis Common, moderate to severe. Fourteen patients developed coagulopathy, six local necrosis requiring amputation in one and five local abscesses. If the offending snake has been killed it should be brought with the patient for identification only relevant in areas where there are more than one naturally occurring venomous snake speciesbut be careful to avoid touching the head, as even a dead snake can envenom.

Neurotoxic Paralysis Does not occur, based on current clinical evidence. The bitten limb must not be exercised as muscular contraction will promote systemic absorption of venom. Snakebite in Mexico and central and South America. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol.

Venom Myotoxins Systemic myotoxins present, but principally cause local myonecrosis. All rings or other jewellery on the bitten limb, especially on fingers, should be removed, as they may act as tourniquets if oedema develops.


Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Bothrocophias Serpentes: Head is relatively large, broad, flattened, lance shaped when viewed from above and distinct from narrow neck.

Small Approx 20k version. It should not be assumed that humankind currently knows all there is to know about any species, even for common species. The bite wound should not be tampered with in any way. Venom Procoagulants Fibrinogen clotting toxins. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith Copyright ToxinologyJarsracussu.

Bothrops jararacussu | The Reptile Database

Seek urgent medical attention. Cardiotoxicity Uncommon, secondary to myolysis-induced hyperkalaemia. Snake species of the world.

The Reptiles of Paraguay: If no motor vehicle or boat is available, the patient can be carried on a stretcher or hurdle, on the pillion or crossbar of a bicycle or on someone’s back. Oliveira Lula Salles, R. Average Venom Qty to mg dry weightMinton Ref: After ensuring the patient and onlookers have moved out of range of further strikes by the snake, the bitten person should be reassured and persuaded to lie down and remain still. Snout is not elevated. Wiping it once with a damp cloth to remove surface venom is unlikely to do much harm or good but the wound must not be massaged.

We make a reasonable attempt to verify accuracy of information listed on this site. Dorsal scales are strongly keeled.