Lev Isaakovich Shestov (Russian: Лев Исаакович Шестов), born Yehuda Leyb Schwarzmann (Russian: Иегуда Лейб Шварцман), variously known as Leon. Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, and Nietzsche (The Good in the Teaching of Tolstoy and Nietzsche: Philosophy and Teaching & Dostoevsky and Nietzsche: The. An introduction to the Russian-Jewish existentialist philosopher Lev Shestov, Leon Chestov.

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Furthermore, although acknowledged as a Jewish philosopher, Shestov saw in the resurrection of Christ this victory over ahestov. His point of departure is not a theory, or an idea, but an experience, the experience of despair, which Shestov leg as the loss of certainties, the loss of freedom, the loss of the meaning of life. There is no universal law. Shestov may also be right in holding that scientific knowledge has often tended to enslave man or at least diminish his freedom to act, and we may concur in his suggestion that, by transcending science and returning to the biblical outlook, man may find the scope of his liberty greatly enlarged and discover that many things he formerly believed impossible are quite possible.

In Shestov moved to FreiburgGermany, and he stayed there untilwhen he moved to a small Swiss village named Coppet. Since the “invention” of faith, in the Judeo-Christian sense of the word for God all shdstov possiblethe man who has left the horizon of archetypes and repetition can no longer defend himself against that terror except through the idea of God.

The syestov was a popular figure in France, where his originality was quickly recognized.

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At the same time he maintained his literary interests and began to write for the avant-garde press of Kiev. I did not grow used to this struggle, it does not pacify me, on the contrary every day it becomes harder, more laborious, painful to carry on. It is the experience of despair, which Shestov describes as the loss of certainties, the loss of freedom, the loss of the meaning of life.


Shestov’s Greek quotes were abridged and latinized in English translations. Shestov has been dismissed by some critics as a wild irrationalist, a willful protagonist of the absurd, who wished to abandon reason entirely in order to make room for a trans-rational revelation.

Shestov contributed articles to a journal the circle had established. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. At whestov bedside was an open Bible and the Deussen translation of the Vedas open at the chapter “Brahma als Freude” where he had underlined the following passage: Koteliansky and published with a preface by D.

Another collection of nihilistic essays and aphorisms dating from Men who accept it will do nothing to affirm even that degree of creative freedom which they have within the limits of natural necessity, much less expand it; and their freedom, as well as their capacity for attaining that realm of authentic being which – Shestov believed – lies forever beyond “reasonable explanation,” will consequently atrophy and disappear.

But it is granted to man to have prescience of lwv freedom. It is rather long but gives a good idea of what to expect. Proba Myslenia Adogmatycznego Polish Edition.

Unfortunately, Shestov’s stature has not hitherto been generally recognized nor has his work been widely studied. The book’s closing lines express the central idea that came to dominate all of Shestov’s later thought and writing: In Paris, he soon befriended, and much influenced, the young Georges Sestov. In Amsterdam Shestov met Edmund Husserl, with whom he maintained a close friendship for some years.

Consequently the idea of total unity is an absolutely false idea Low to High Price: During this time he completed his first major philosophical work, Good in the Teaching of Tolstoy and Nietzsche: They were found among Fondane’s papers after his death at the hands of the Nazis in the gas chambers of Birkenau in Among his contemporaries he entertained long-standing philosophical friendships with Martin BuberEdmund Husserl and Nikolai Berdyaev.

Llev further denied the value of autonomous ethics and passionately insisted on the need for subjectivity and inwardness in the search for truth.

Lev Shestov – New World Encyclopedia

Filosofiia tragedii Dostoevsky and Nietzsche: But no matter how enigmatic may be the mysteries which surround being, what is most enigmatic and disturbing is that mystery in general exists and that we are somehow definitely and forever cut off from the sources and beginnings of life. Despite his weakening condition Shestov continued to write at a quick pace, and finally completed his magnum opus, Athens and Jerusalem.


Retrieved from ” https: Children and Stepchildren of Time Spinoza in History, During this time the author worked prolifically. With the financial support of his friend, Max Eitingon, Shestov undertook in the preparation of a complete edition of his works in French. First published in in a French translation, this is an account of Shestov’s encounter with Kierkegaard who proved both a challenger and a brother in arms.

Shestov, Lev

The bibliography [Biblio] is complete as to Shestov’s published works but is not up-to-date or comprehensive as shestiv the various editions available. On Two Books by Richard Kroner published In his university days he was primarily interested in economic and social questions and, while studying in Moscow, wrote a lengthy paper on the problems of the Russian worker with the subtitle “Factory Legislation in Russia.

The Russian version, called “Nachala i Kontzy”, does not correspond exactly to the English editions as to essays included.

Shestov plunged into a study of Kierkegaard and immediately recognized that he had found a deeply kindred spirit. Shestov undertook to show the way by his own battle against the self-evident. That’s what makes him into an existentialist. Early in life, however, he chose assimilation to Russian culture as the keystone to his intellectual development.

But you can’t follow him there, that’s the very thing that makes you turn back – so how come you call yourself and existentialist?